He broadly described the US strategy's approach to arm control as worrying, including its silence on whether the USA wants to exercise an option in the New START treaty to extend its terms for five years.
For starters, Russian Federation already has the capability to strike the United States.
In a statement, China's Defense Ministry said its own nuclear arsenal was at the "minimum level" required for its security and called on the U.S.to "abandon a Cold War mentality" and "shoulder its special and prior responsibility for its own nuclear disarmament".
China "has always kept its own nuclear forces at the minimum level required by national security", Mr Ren said, pointing out that the U.S. has the world's largest nuclear arsenal. AI decision-making is much faster than human thinking and with applications for it being used in cyber security, drones and self-driving cars; the writer and others are validated for concerns that we are already in - or we may be getting ready to enter a new Cold War.
But those twin objectives appear distant and President Donald Trump has little room for maneuver with Moscow as he grapples with allegations his campaign may have colluded with the Kremlin to get him elected.
To respond to emerging threats to USA and its allies' security, the NPR specifically proposed the development for new models of "low-yield" weapons, which it said would be essential for a "flexible" nuclear arsenal that can enhance deterrence.
The Nuclear Posture Review outlined "tailored strategies" for dealing with Russia, China, Iran and North Korea, while also calling for the development of a new "low yield" submarine-launched ballistic missile and a new sub-launched cruise missile.
In the State of the Union speech, the president focused far more on North Korea and on battling terrorism, even though his defense secretary, Jim Mattis, had announced just days ago that "great power competition - not terrorism - is now the primary focus of USA national security".
On February 3, Russia's Foreign Ministry characterized the Trump administration's policy statement as both "confrontational" and "anti-Russian".
German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel has urged Europe to take charge in achieving a nuclear disarmament after the United States suggested its nuclear weapons to be advanced. It said Russian Federation must be persuaded it would face "unacceptably dire costs" if it were to threaten even limited nuclear attack in Europe.
There's a place for arms control in the Trump administration's new nuclear strategy, but it's a very small place.
But instead of developing new weapons, Germany's top diplomat called for "existing arms control treaties to be upheld unconditionally".
Among the greatest of the current threats is that of North Korea, and the standoff between Washington and Pyongyang has many uneasy.
The new NPR is the first time since 2010 that the USA military has spelled out how it foresees nuclear threats in the coming decades.
"The same people who supposedly believe that using weapons of mass destruction is a crime against humanity. are talking about new weapons to threaten or use against rivals", he continued, according to Reuters.
"Any use will trigger a nuclear weapons conflict with catastrophic humanitarian consequences for civilians".
But its diminution of arms control as a central part of the nuclear strategy may be just as striking.