There were no noted dissents.
Opponents of the ban fought that definition in court and won, and the Trump administration didn't appeal that part of the lower court's ruling. A committee of the USA court of appeals for the 9th Circuit had elucidated a Supreme Court order this summer to intend that such fugitives should be permitted, but there was an objection from the government. The high court is scheduled to hear arguments on Trump's overall travel ban on October 10 to determine whether the president had the authority to impose his executive order in the first place. The Supreme Court had specified, in a ruling on June 26, that the government could not exclude foreign nationals - including refugees - who do have close family in this country, or have some kind of formal tie with a USA entity.
The meaning of that phrase has been contested ever since. We should know in days, or even hours, what the Supreme Court decides to do with as many as 24,000 potential refugees.
Which brings us to the latest round in the battle, Kennedy's September 11 order. It gave examples: Students admitted to US universities qualified, as did workers with job offers from USA companies and lecturers invited to address US audiences.
According to the Post, the Supreme Court is allowing "broad enforcement" of the "travel ban - at least for a day". But the Trump Administration filed a request to block the eventual ruling, which they just did. That was less than half the 110,000 refugees former President Barack Obama said should be admitted in 2016. The administration barred other relatives, including grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nephews, nieces and cousins.
12 ruling, issued without comment, stopped the refugee exemption that would have taken that day under the 9th Circuit's ruling issued five days earlier.
The U.S. set the cap at 50,000 in July, four months before that number would reset in October.
Watson also ruled in favor of those refugees whom resettlement agencies were prepared to assist. Since the law was enacted, the annual quota for worldwide refugee resettlement int the USA has averaged 94,000, according to State Department figures.
On Tuesday, the full court said it had granted the administration's appeal.
Last week, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit had rejected that government argument, concluding instead that a promise of resettlement is enough of a tie to make a refugee eligible to enter the country. The Ninth Circuit had disagreed, reasoning that an agreement to settle a refugee clearly forges a connection between an American organisation and a foreigner seeking refuge.
The Justice Department opted not to appeal that part of the 9th Circuit decision.