Ghassemi retorted that the measure against Iran's ballistic missile programme was "totally illegal and illegitimate".
The resolution calls upon Iran "not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles created to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology".
He noted that the US Senate's new move was not "unpredictable" due to the history of Washington's enmity toward the noble Iranian nation, adding it is in line with the US acts of hostility toward the Islamic Republic.
UNSC Resolution 2231 calls upon Iran "not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles created to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons".
However, current US President Donald Trump called it "the worst deal ever negotiated" during his campaign for the White House.
Qassemi said the USA government must comply with its commitments under the nuclear accord, noting Washington can not breach the global agreement.
The Senate this week approved legislation to impose new sanctions on Iran over its ballistic missile program and other activities that US legislators say are not related to the nuclear agreement.
Like Iran, Qassemi said, the other parties to the JCPOA need to remain committed to obligations under the global accord. They voted 98-2 in favor of the legislation. Independent Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont and Republican Rand Paul of Kentucky voted against.
"Given that this global document has been signed by all permanent members of the UN Security Council, Germany and the European Union, these countries must also protest at the United States move and its lack of commitment [to its obligations under the JCPOA]", Boroujerdi added.
By imposing new sanctions, the U.S. is attempting to "cover up the repeated defeats it has suffered from Iran in Iraq and Syria", the senior adviser said.
"The U.S. Senate's move is unquestionably in breach of both the spirit and the letter of the nuclear deal", Ali Akbar Velayati, a senior adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, was reported by media as saying on Friday.
Mostafa Kavakebian, a parliamentarian representing Tehran, said the bill has targeted the only democracy in the region, adding that it's a violation of the nuclear deal.
Iran today slammed new sanctions adopted by the US Senate.